Who are the dark goddesses? Well before we get into that we need to note that in many ways the concepts of good or evil; light or dark have become confused to the general public in regard to occult topics. Especially pertaining to what are considered “dark gods” and “dark goddesses.” This is because the definitions of these phrases are conducive to each individual and their personal moral beliefs. What some consider to be evil others do not. Now that we have that out of the way, the dark goddesses we will be talking about today bring with them more controversial attributes, that in general are not as positive as their “good” counterparts. Let us take a look at some popular Dark Goddesses from occult history.
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Let’s Take A Look At Who Are The Dark Goddesses:
1. Baba Yaga – Slavic Hag Goddess
Baba Yaga is often referred to as the “Hag Goddess” in Slavic mythology. This goddess is often seen as a frail and homely old woman, living in a shack. She is thought of as a witch although that is not the case, as she was once a strong forest goddess. Baba Yaga is the Slavic transformation goddess thus making her the ruler of reincarnation and death as well as her having an association with agriculture and the harvest. Giving her links to Samhain. Because she is a death goddess she watches over the bones of the dead and acts as a sort of grim reaper guiding people to the afterlife.
2. Circe – Greek Sorcery Goddess
Circe the Greek Goddess of Aeaea, is a renewal goddess of witchcraft and sorcery. She is a teacher and healer, who used herbs as medicine and taught her knowledge to others. Goddess Circe is often feared by men and she has associations with other Greek dark goddess Medea and Hecate. She can teach you the uses of toxic and nontoxic herbs alike, giving her deep ties to nature. Circe will appear in your dreams bringing with her studies for you teaching you how to make many different herbal concoctions. The Mandrake plant as seen in the TV show Sabrina is also referred to as the “Drug of Circe.”
3. Ereshkigal: The Sumerian Underworld Goddess
Dark Goddess Ereshkigal is Sumerian and her name translates to mean “Queen of the Great Earth.” The Sumerian Goddess is also referred to by the names Allat and or Irkalla which also translates to mean underworld. Ereshkigal is the sister of Goddess Inanna associated with Venus, who rules over love, sex, and all things beautiful. She is the Greek pantheon equivalent of Goddess Hecate both ruling over darkness.
4. Hecate: The Triple Goddess
Hecate is one of the original Greek Goddesses and she is even thought to predate most Greek cultural and physical development. She is commonly referred to as the “triple goddess” she greets us at crossroads for the 3 major life events birth, death, and rebirth. When she is waiting at the crossroads she is depicted to have three heads with 3 white dogs by her side. This is why she is mainly seen as a dark goddess because she leads us into the underworld. If you have seen the Netflix show Sabrina, you know she is also the goddess of witches and witchcraft. A healer and necromancer both light and dark.
5. Kali: Hindu Goddess of Death
The Hindu Goddess Kali presides over death and destruction and is a savage and frightening threat to all in battle. She is probably one of the most familiar dark goddesses in the sense of looks, a blue woman pictured with multiple arms often carrying heads and swords. In ancient times she was there to prevent evil and provide a cleansing energy as she rid the world of its negative entities. Thought of as a creator-goddess or Mother of the Universe as well as being used as a protection goddess. Both good and evil just as all the other “dark goddesses” on this list.
6. Lilith: Goddess Mother of Demons
Lilith is an ancient pagan deity originally from Sumerian origins. She is also associated with many legends and is often referred to as the “Dark Maid” and the “Maiden of Desolation”. The name Lilith is said to mean “Night Creature” or “Screech Owl”. In Jewish legend, she was Adam’s first wife. The legend goes that Lilith refused to have sex with Adam, as she would not lay beneath him. She eventually leaves Adam and becomes cursed with fertility to give birth to 100 demon babies daily. The babies subsequently killed. This curse causes Lilith to take human children as revenge. Her legend is symbolic of Darkness and Fear. In today’s times, Lilith is commonly seen as a feminist icon because of her refusal to lay beneath Adam.
7. Maeve: Goddess of Intoxication
Maeve who is also called Madb and Medb is a Celtic goddess of war and intoxication. Other than teaching us about indulgence, Maeve is a goddess with no true “light” aspects about her. Some think she is part of the sidhe making her one of the faes. She is often seen in a red hooded cape and is also associated with fertility.
8. The Morrigan: Celtic Goddess of War
The Morrigan is an extremely popular Celtic War and Shape-shifting Goddess. She is often pictured with cows or on the battlefield. Also called the “Phantom Queen.” Legend says she could shape-shift into almost any animal of her choosing and she used this power to win when in battle. She is also considered a to be a “triple goddess” similar to the trinity containing the aspects of Macha, Badb, and Nemain. Mythology also said she had the psychic ability to foresee soldiers’ deaths before they happened.
9. Sekhmet: Egyptian Goddess of Wrath
Sekhmet is the Egyptian War Goddess and one of many dark Egyptian goddesses. Most commonly pictured as a woman with a lion for a head. Red was her color and she was ferocious on the battlefield. She was also a goddess of light and healing and had a very well-known following in the twelfth dynasty where her temple was located.
10. Ishtar: Mesopotamian Goddess
Ishtar was an ancient Mesopotamian goddess ruling over power, war, sex, and fertility. Legend says her sexiness was so great that when she left for the underworld all sex on earth ceased. The movie End of Days makes reference to “The Ishtar Gate to archaic Babylon”. This was in honor of the Goddess Ishtar.
11. Izanami-no-Mikoto: Japanese Goddess
Izanami-no-Mikoto translates to “she who invites” is the Japanese Goddess of creation and death. Like Eve she ate the food she wasn’t supposed to and was doomed to stay in the underworld according to Greek Mythology.
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12. Oya: African Goddess
Oya is an African Goddess, of warrior and fire who uses her passions to change the elements. Causing such outcomes as rainfall when she cries and thunder and lightning when she is angry or upset and so on. She is both loved and feared in ancient mythology.
13. Tiamat: Babylonian Goddess
Tiamat is an ancient dark goddess who represents chaos and creation. Known for raising a demon army to fight for her. She also takes the form of a huge sea dragon to fight her combative children.
For more information on Who Are The Dark Goddesses check out the books linked below:
Dark Goddess Craft: A Journey through the Heart of Transformation By Stephanie Woodfield
Mysteries of the Dark Moon: The Healing Power of the Dark Goddess By Demetra George
Celtic Lore & Spellcraft of the Dark Goddess: Invoking the Morrigan By Stephanie Woodfield
Hekate: Goddess of Witches By Courtney Weber
Encountering the Dark Goddess: A Journey into the Shadow Realms By Frances Billinghurst